Acnusa
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The Authority

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Background…

The ACNUSA (Authority for Airport Nuisance Control), the foremost administrative authority in the environmental field was created by Law no.99-588 of 12 July 1999 amended by the Law of 12 July 2010.

Mr Jean-Claude Gayssot, Minister for Infrastructure, Transport and Housing stated before the Senate on 22 June 1999:
"The construction of the Roissy runways, the opening up of the capital of the national airline, Air France and the measures taken to halt the decline of Orly are all part of the same goal: to develop the economic activity and employment generated by air transport which takes into account the environment of local people... "

INDEPENDENCE GUARANTEED BY ITS APPOINTMENT METHOD:

The members of the ACNUSA are appointed for a 6-year term which is neither revocable nor renewable. Their mandate is incompatible with any elected mandate, any professional or associative activity relating to airport activity or the holding of any shares in an aeronautical or airport sector company.
The authority prepares its annual activity report, submits it to the Government and Parliament and makes it public.

Referral of cases by:
- the Minister(s) responsible for civil aviation, urban planning, housing and the environment (currently within the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing) 
- an advisory commission on the environment
- an association concerned with airport noise pollution
- the Authority itself


GENERAL JURISDICTION OVER ALL CIVIL AIRPORTS


The ACNUSA has 3 types of powers:

A power of recommendation:
The authority has the power of recommendation on any matter relating to harmful environmental impacts created by air transport in and around airports. For noise, these recommendations relate to the measurement of noise, and in particular defining suitable measuring indicators as well as limiting their impact on the environment, particularly by low-noise landing and take-off procedures.

A power of alert:
The authority has a power of alert regarding breaches of the regulations in terms of environmental noise control.

A power of investigation:
The authority has a power of investigation on noise related to airports and departure, holding and approach flight paths. It gathers all relevant information and documents and carries out on-site checks or arranges for these to be carried out.

 

SPECIFIC JURISDICTION OVER THE MAJOR AIRPORTS

The ACNUSA has the power to:
- define the requirements applicable to noise measuring and flight path monitoring stations
 - organise the programme for informing the general public about aircraft noise
- issue an opinion on the regional climate, air quality and energy scenarios and the air-quality protection plan
 - issue an opinion on the draft noise exposure and noise disturbance plans
 - issue an opinion on draft regulations concerning in particular the design of and changes to departure, holding and approach procedures
 - monitor compliance with commitments (Environmental Noise Quality Charter)
- act as a mediator.

POWER TO IMPOSE SANCTIONS

MPs entrusted the Authority with the power to issue administrative fines of up to €1,500 for individuals and €40,000 for corporations.

The sanctions' procedure is as follows:
 1 - Preparation of the report by sworn officers of the DGAC which is sent to the airline
 2 - The airline concerned has 15 days in which to submit its comments to the ACNUSA
 3 - After investigation and sending of the report to the airline, the airline exposes its case to the Authority
 4- The Authority informs the company of its decision. If a fine is imposed, it is paid to the State.
 

THE AUTHORITY'S RECOMMENDATIONS

The ACNUSA works regularly with all the air transport stakeholders. Over time, it has widened its scope (e.g. assistance with soundproofing, health studies, etc.). Currently, most of its recommendations have been implemented even if, for some of them, it has taken several years.